Rosaceae Rose Family
Sanguisorba officinalis
Sanguisorba officinalis or Great Burnet has been used in traditional medicine to treat inflammation, help
blood clotting and to treat pain. Research has shown that terpinoids and related compounds and the
polysaccharide fraction of the root does indeed have medicinal potential. It has antioxidant properties
and reported anti-cancer effects in cell culture (inducing apoptosis in prostate cancer cells for example).
Zhang, L., S.R. Koyyalamudi, S.C. Jeong, N. Reddy, P.T. Smith,
R. Ananthan,and T. Longvah, 2012. Antioxidant and immunomodulatory activities of polysaccharides
from the rootsof
Sanguisorba officinalis. Int. J. of Biological Macromolecules 51: 1057– 1062.

Zhang, L., S. R. Koyyalamudi, S. C. Jeong, N. Reddy, Paul T. Smith,
R. Ananthan and T. Longvah, 2012. Methanol extract of
Sanguisorba officinalis L. with cytotoxic activity
against PC3 human prostate cancer cells.
Mol. Med. Reports 6: 670-674.
Above and below: cherry (Prunus) blossom is a must see in early Spring. Cherry trees belong to the
diverse rose family (Rosaceae) along with the hawthorn tree (
Crataegus), brambles and blackberries
(Rubus), pear (
Pyrus), apple (Malus), Rowan, Whitebeams and Wild Service-Tree (Sorbus), Blackthorn or
Sloe (
Prunus spinosa), a variety of herbaceous plants such as strawberry (Fragaria), Agrimony
Agrimonia) and of course rosese (Rosa).
The flowers of the rose family contain a hypanthium - a floral tube or vase
formed by the fusion of the corolla (petals), the calyx (sepals) and the filaments
of the stamens.
Wild strawberry
Above: Fragaria vesca, Wild Strawberry, and below: Potentilla sterilis, the Barren
Barren Strawberry